Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT)

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT), is to supply pure O2 under pressure, to guarantee that oxygen is delivered very well at tissue and cell level.

The key mechanism involved in HBOT is known as hyper oxygenation. Oxygen enters the blood stream, causing a number of biological reactions, which work to help in:

Angiogenesis which is stimulating the development of new blood vessels, improving circulation.
Improving the immunity through stimulating the action of white blood cells, helping the body to fight    infections.
Anti inflammation as it narrows certain blood vessels, reducing inflammation and swelling.
Sterilization: inhibits the growth of foreign bacteria and organisms.

Red blood cells have a limitation in binding capacity of hemoglobin to oxygen. The plasma portion of the blood typically has about a 3% oxygen concentration, and by placing someone in mild hyperbaric environment, this will increase the partial pressure of oxygen gas and thus forces more oxygen to be dissolved in the plasma. This saturation of oxygen in the blood due to HBOT, allows the extra oxygen to be diffused or transported to the surrounding body tissues. Thus, oxygen transport by plasma is significantly increased under hyper baric therapy.

HBOT produces basic effects through: Reduction of gas bubbles in the blood, Vasoconstriction which reduces edema and secondary hypoxia, Restoration of aerobic metabolism to ischemic tissues, Detoxification of poisoned tissues, and Enhanced phagocytosis.

HBOT is not without its side effects. However, when professionally monitored these effects are rare. One of the main complications is known as barotraumas, this occurs when the pressure in the chamber causes body tissues to become compressed, which can result in a burst eardrum or lung. Another complication known as oxygen toxicity occurs when the body absorbs too much oxygen, this can result in nausea, vomiting and seizures.

All these effects can be avoided once family taught how to equalize the pressure, while going up in the pressure very slowly to avoid barotraumas. And to treat in the safest allowance of time and pressure to prevent oxygen toxicity.

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